IS-KP is an officially recognised Islamic State (IS) affiliate that adheres to IS's global jihadist ideology and follows an extreme interpretation of Islam which is anti-Western. It promotes sectarian violence and targets as infidels and apostates those who disagree with its interpretations. The objective of IS-KP is to establish the wilayat (province) of Khorasan as part of the global caliphate of IS. Khorasan is the historical name for the region encompassing present-day Afghanistan, Pakistan and Central Asia.
In October 2014, six former senior Tehrik-e-Taliban Pakistan (TTP) members pledged allegiance to IS leader Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi. In January 2015, then-IS spokesman Abu Mohammad al-Adnani accepted the pledge of allegiance and announced the creation of IS-KP.
Designation as a terrorist Organisation:
|United States||May 20, 2016|
|Canada||May 23, 2018|
|India||June 21, 2018|
|Iraq||May 16, 2019|
RISE, FALL AND SPREAD:
In 2014, Pakistani national Hafiz Saeed Khan was chosen to spearhead IS-K province as its first emir. Khan, a veteran Tehrik-e Taliban Pakistan (TTP) commander, brought along other prominent TTP members—including the group’s spokesperson Sheikh Maqbool and many district chiefs—when he initially pledged allegiance to al-Baghdadi in October 2014.
IS-K’s early membership included a contingent of Pakistani militants who emerged in Afghanistan’s Nangarhar province around 2010, just across the border from Pakistan's former Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA). Many of these militants were estranged members of TTP and Lashkar-e Islam, Lashkar-e-Taiba, Jamaat-ud-Dawa, the Haqqani Network, and the Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan (IMU) had also defected to IS-K.
In 2016, the group lost control of the majority of its territory in Nangarhar province. It was driven out of Achin and Shinwar Districts following a military operation by Afghan Security Forces, while clashes with the Taliban led it out of Batikot and Chaparhar districts.
The UNSC report states a core group of 1500-2200 fighters, but smaller cells are active across the country. “The core group in Kunar consists mainly of Afghan and Pakistani nationals, while smaller groups located in Badakhshan, Kunduz and Sar-e-Pol are predominantly made up of local ethnic Tajiks and Uzbeks.”
AT A GLANCE:
• Hafiz Saeed Khan (2015–July 2016)
|Dates of operation||January 26, 2015–present|
1,000 (US estimate)
2,500–4,000 (UN report)
10,000 (Russian estimate)
|Part of||Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant|
• Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan
• Islamic Renaissance Party of Tajikistan (claimed by Tajik
War in Afghanistan (2001–2021)
• Nangarhar offensive (2016)
• Mohmand Valley raid
• ISIL–Taliban conflict in Afghanistan
IDEOLOGY AND GOALS:
TARGETS AND TACTICS:
To attract more recruits and reinforce its brand in Afghanistan, IS-KP incorporates many of the same brutal tactics employed by IS. Like IS, which often uses suicide bombers to clear a path for other militants, IS-KP has conducted several attacks with combined suicide bombers and shooters. For example, in July 2017, IS-KP conducted an “inghimasi” attack against the Iraqi embassy in Kabul. Inghimasis refer to well-trained commandos who are prepared both to fight conventionally and to carry out suicide missions.
IS-KP’s primary militant adversary is the Taliban, with which it frequently engages in battles for territorial control over Afghanistan. The hostility between the two groups stems both from ideological differences and competition for resources. IS accused the Taliban of drawing its legitimacy from a narrow ethnic and nationalistic base rather than a universal Islamic creed. IS-KP is also a staunch enemy of the United States and Afghanistan.
Although U.S. and Afghan special forces have inflicted serious damage on the group, IS-KP has proven resilient. In 2016, IS-KP killed over 800 people in over 100 attacks IS-KP also promotes sectarian violence and targets civilians who do not adhere to its strict interpretation of Islam and jihadist ideology.
RECRUITMENT AND FUNDING:
IS-KP recruits primarily from disaffected former Taliban members, Pakistan, Afghanistan-based Salafists, and foreign sympathisers. Following territorial losses, IS-KP is increasingly shifting its recruitment to focus on disaffected, urban, non-Pashtun youth. IS-KP receives funding from overseas sympathisers via hawala networks, its own criminal enterprises, and a direct subsidy from IS.
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Special Revision Petition under Article 136 of Constitution of India is being filed against the impugned judgment and final order of Madras High court in W P No. 13384/2021 in the NEET issue. The petitioner also sought ad-interim ex-parte stay on operation and further proceedings in connection with GO MS no.283 dated by which a “ high level committee has been set up by the TN government. Tamil Nadu is only the state that has been opposing the NEET and falsely assuring th ...