Current Issue
Organiser Home
Editorial
EXPOSE
Reports
Comment
The Moving Finger Writes
Media Watch
Thinking Aloud
Bookmark
A PAGE FROM HISTORY
RETROSPECT
Kids Org.
News Round-up
Readers’ Forum:
INTERESTING PEOPLE
PERSPECTIVE
Kerala Newsletter

Previous Issues
September 04, 2011

August 28, 2011
August 21, 2011
August 14, 2011
August 07, 2011

July 31, 2011
July 24, 2011
July 17, 2011
July 10, 2011
July 03, 2011

June 26, 2011
June 19, 2011
June 12, 2011
June 05, 2011

May 29, 2011
May 22, 2011
May 15, 2011
May 08, 2011
May 01, 2011

April 24, 2011
April 17, 2011
April 10, 2011
April 03, 2011

March 27, 2011
March 20, 2011
March 13, 2011
March 06, 2011

February 27, 2011
February 20, 2011
February 13, 2011
February 06, 2011

January 30, 2011
January 23, 2011
January 16, 2011
January 09, 2011
January 02, 2011

December 26, 2010
December 19, 2010
December 12, 2010
December 05, 2010
November 28, 2010
November 21, 2010
November 14, 2010
November 7, 2010

October 31, 2010
October 24, 2010
October 17, 2010
October 10, 2010
October 03, 2010

2010 Issues
2009 Issues
2008 Issues
2007 Issues
2006 Issues

Organiser
About us
Advertisement
Circulation
Contact us

Subscribe

November 14, 2004
Organiser Home
Cover Page
Special
Column
Viewpoint
Media Watch
Interviews
The Moving Finger Writes
Guest Column
Readers'' Forum


November 14, 2004




Page: 14/23

Home > 2004 Issues > November 14, 2004

Destruction of Cultural Symbols
Reprehensible History of Fanatic Vandalism



In Kashmir, gunpowder was used for the first time, not for fighting a war, but for destroying massive Hindu stone temples.

Desecration, damage and destruction of temples is not a new and unusual phenomenon. The process has been continuously going on ever since Kashmir passed into the political domination of Muslim rulers in the first quarter of the fourteenth century.

Islam, like other Semitic religions enjoins upon the faithfuls to expand their religion by proselytising the heathens, infidels and kafirs (non-believers) to their faith to gain religious merit. Jehad or holy war is the instrument that is used for proselytisation. The Muslim rulers of Kashmir, the Mughals and Pathans made full use of their political authority to effect conversion of Hindus of the Valley. To achieve the objectives, it became imperative for them to wipe out all traces of religious and cultural symbols of Hindus, which included their temples, libraries, universities and ashrams.

In Kashmir, gunpowder was used for the first time, not for fighting a war, but for destroying massive Hindu stone temples. When it was felt that the fissionable material was not available in a sufficient quantity for iconoclasm, the nearby jungles were cut down and used for setting on fire the giant stone structures of the Hindu temples. By excessive heat the stones burst, broke away and these gigantic structures crumbled in the fire that spread through the length and breadth of Kashmir. The ruins of Martand, Avantipur, Devar, etc. are mute witnesses of the depredation.

Temples Vandalised in February 1986
ANANTNAG DISTRICT:
1.

Anantnag Town:

Two temples damaged and one looted.

2. Achhabal: One temple desecrated, shit thrown on idols.
3. Moripura: One temple demolished.
4. Sagam: One temple partially burnt.
5. Naogam: One temple partially burnt.
6. Telvani: One temple partially burnt.
7. Gautamnag: One two-storeyed temple burnt and a dharamshala stoned.
8. Krangsoo: Pujari Baba of a temple beaten.
9. Akura (Mattan):  One temple and its entire property looted and shed set on fire.
10. Dialgam: One temple heavily damaged by stoning.
11. Salar: One temple set on fire.
12. Aishmuqam: One temple set on fire.
13. Bijbehara town: Two temples completely looted; ancient idol valued at more than Rs 10 lakh broken; Jai Devi temple desecrated and idol stolen.
14. Wanpoh (Gasipura):  Two temples and samadhi of Swami Dama Kak completely burnt.
15. Dhanav (Bogund): Two temples and one dharamshala burnt.
16. Chogam:  One temple stoned; its doors, windows and three pillars broken.
17. Verinag: One temple on the parikrama of the holy spring damaged, doors broken, idols thrown into the spring. Pawan Sandhya, a religious teerth, converted into a place for construction of mosque.
18. Larkipora: Three temples of Goddess Durga, Siddha Lakshmi and Shiva completely burnt; idols broken into pieces.
19. Fatehpura: One temple completely burnt alongwith its entrance gate; ancient Shiva idol broken into pieces.
20. Quill (Pulwama): One temple damaged partially.
21. Trisal: One temple stoned; compound wall of another temple damaged.
22. Pawan Sandhya: Converted into mosque.

SRINAGAR DISTRICT:

23. Ganpatyar (Srinagar): Temple heavily stoned.
24. Jawahar Nagar:  Shiva Mandir desecrated and damaged; its property brought out and consigned to flames.
25. Maisuma: Dashnami akhara, from where Charri Mubarak leaves for holy Amarnath cave burnt down.
26. Raghunath Mandir: Damaged by stoning.
27. Tulamulla: One temple in the village burnt.
28. Waskura: The famous temple of Mata Rupa Bhawani partially burnt.
29. Gandherbal:  Two temples burnt and two temples damaged.

BUDGAM DISTRICT:

30. Yachhgam: One temple partially damaged.
31. Badgam town: Sharda temple damaged.
32. Chadura: One temple damaged.

KUPWARA DISTRICT:

33. Tekpora: One temple burnt.
34. Lalpura: One temple burnt.
35. Handwara: One temple damaged.
BARAMULLA DISTRICT:
36. Baramulla town: One temple partially damaged.
37. Venkura: One temple fully damaged.
38. Sopore: One temple partially damaged.
39. Bandipora: One temple partially burnt.


After India achieved freedom and Kashmir acceded to the Union of India, temple desecration was resumed. Temple lands, cremation grounds, etc. of Hindus were usurped for expansion of Islam. The famous Bhairavnath temple of Chattabal, Srinagar was locked up by the police. The judicial case pending in court concerning this temple was never allowed to be decided. Precious lands around Hari Parbat hill, Durganag temple of Srinagar and lands at several Hindu places of worship in the Valley were slowly and steadily turned into lands under occupation of Muslim trusts (Maqboozai-Ahali-Islam). In 1967, Shivala temple, Chotta Nazar, Srinagar was desecrated. Again in 1984 Shri Hanuman temple at Hari Singh High Street was damaged and in the same year Arya Samaj temple of Wazir Bagh, Srinagar was burnt down. From 1986, the law and order situation in the Valley deteriorated day by day and temple desecration became the order of the day.



After India achieved freedom and Kashmir acceded to the Union of India, temple desecration was resumed. Temple lands, cremation grounds, etc. of Hindus were usurped for expansion of Islam.

Temples desecrated, damaged or destroyed in response to community calls for Jehad from 1987 to 1990

1.

Sri Puran Raja Bhairav at Hawal, Srinagar (completely burnt).

2. Vandev Mandir, Hari Parbat (completely burnt).
3. Kathlishwar Mandir, Zaindar Mohalla, Srinagar (partly damaged).
4. Gouri Shanker Mandir, Kani-Kadal (damaged).
5. Somyar Mandir, Habba Kaddal shopping complex (completely burnt).
6. Shiva Mandir, Shetalnath, Srinagar (burnt).
7. Shiva Mandir, Malapora, Srinagar (burnt).
8. Shailputri Asthapan Mandir, Baramulla (burnt).
9. Gautam Nag Mandir, Anantnag (attacks have been frequent).
10. Raghunath Mandir, Anantnag (attacks have been frequent).
11. Tikipora Mandir, Kupwara.
12. Sri Lakshmi Narayan Mandir, Bulbul Lankar, Srinagar (ancient priceless idol removed by breaking one of the temple walls).
13. Temple at Shopian with four buildings and shopping complex burnt. The mahant at Napli mercilessly beaten; a south Indian sadhu assisting the mahant was asked to kill a cow. Pine, walnut, apple, kikar and poplar trees spread over 18 kanals of temple land to a great extent were destroyed. The sadhu identified some people of Danda Mohalla, mainly one Hussan Dand and Kuda Dand, leading the mob besides Jamaat-i-Islami workers on carnage.
14. Idols in Shiva Mandir, Batayar (desecrated).
15. Holy spring with Shiva idol desecrated at Khrew, resulting in Hindu-Muslim conflict in the village.


Temples desecrated and damaged in Kashmir from 1990 to December 1992

1. DASHNAMI AKHARA, SRINAGAR
On the opposite side of the shopping complex of WAKF building, housing a library, reading room and an office of Jamaat-i-Islami, lies the age-old akhara in Badshah Chowk, Srinagar. The temple in the akhara is surrounded by three storeyed shopping-cum-hotel-cum-office complex on three sides. There is a beautiful park in the premises, dharamshalas for sadhus, residence of the mahant, etc. The akhara has provided a vast area to Suraj Transport Company for use as godown and parking space on rent. The akhara has been a chronic eyesore to the Jamaat-i-Islami. It was attacked countless times but in early 1990, mobs forced entry into the premises causing a devastating fire, and loss of property in crores in godowns and a portion of mahant's residence. CRPF suffered heavy injuries while protecting the temple.

2. GANPATYAR TEMPLE
Ganpatyar has been attracting mob attacks right from 1953. Al-Aksa episode, Satanic Verses, Zia?s death, fall of East Pakistan, defeat of Pakistan in cricket, etc. have been the causes. From the onset of insurgency it was stoned, attacked by bomb blasts and rockets on various occasions but CRPF in one of its dharamshalas saved the shrine at great cost.

3. RAGHUNATH MANDIR, SRINAGAR
The school caught fire when the dharamshala of the temple was set on fire in early 1990 while worshipping in the temple was forbidden. However, the worshippers refused to stop worship. The premises were set on fire.

4. SHIVA TEMPLE, JAWAHAR NAGAR, SRINAGAR
The property in the dharamshala was brought out along with some puja material and idols from the temple; some removed and some consigned to flames.

5. HANUMAN MANDIR, SRINAGAR
Desecrated long before the start of insurgency which necessitated round-the-clock CRPF guard. The massive Panchamukhi Hanuman idol suffered some damage in early 1990.

6. SHIVA TEMPLE, BARBAR SHAH, SRINAGAR
It was desecrated a number of times. What is desecrated is not safe. Desecration itself is heinous sacrilege.

7. JAI DEVI TEMPLE, BIJBEHARA
Desecrated, idols stoned, compound wall broken in 1986.

8. VIJESHWAR TEMPLE, BIJBEHARA
Night soil was thrown on 10 Shiva lingas inside the temple in 1986, and compound wall broken.

9. SHIVA MANDIR, BIJBEHARA
Ancient idols valued over Rs 10 lakhs in the shrine were looted in 1986.

10. RAGHUNATH TEMPLE, ANANTNAG
According to Mahant Sukhram and other sources, mostly Muslims, it suffered nine bomb attacks, seven blasts in police station, Anantnag. Refer to FIR No. 307/427 dated 9-1-91.

11. GAUTAM NAG TEMPLE, ANANTNAG
The double-storey temple (60 x 40) was burnt to ashes in presence of homeguard personnel and property loss was estimated to the tune of Rs 28 lakhs, leaving aside priceless ancient manuscripts in Sanskrit and Sharda. The orchard on 145 canals of land with thirty thousand fruit trees was mercilessly attacked by fanatical mobs, leaving hardly three thousand trees to survive.

12. THREE TEMPLES OF LUKHBHAVAN, LARKIPURA, ANANTNAG
Damaged in 1986. Subsequently repaired. Dharamshala burnt, temple suffered some damage again in 1992.

13. WANPOH MANDIR, ANANTNAG
The idols have been desecrated publicly in respect of this shrine on 21-2-1992, according to sources.

14. SHAILPUTRI TEMPLE, BARAMULLA
Damaged in 1990.

15. DAYALGAM MANDIR, ANANTNAG
It was stoned heavily but was somehow not razed to the ground.

16. BHAIRAVANATH MANDIR, BARAMULLA
Damaged in 1990.

17. BHAIRAVANATH MANDIR, SOPORE
Desecrated and damaged.

18. RUPABHAVANI MANDIR, VASAKURA
Idols, ashram utensils removed. Night soil thrown on the steps in early 1990, a dozen times. Protesting Hindus of the vicinity mercilessly beaten.

19. KHIRBHAVANI MANDIR, GANDERBAL
According to B.G. Verghese, ?Its origin goes to epic times. The security forces in its precincts attracted rocket attacks on April 4, 1991, which chipped some concrete off the outer gate. It again came under attack on May 4. Bullet marks can be seen on the other structures.?

20. SHIVA TEMPLE, GANDERBAL
Desecrated and damaged.

21. MATTAN TEMPLE, ANANTNAG
A mob entered the premises, after namaz, claiming it to be a Muslim shrine.

Minister of State for Home, Shri M.M. Jacob told the Lok Sabha on 12-3-1993 that 38 places of worship were damaged in J&K state, 13 in 1989, nine in 1990 and 16 in 1991.

DETAILS OF THE TEMPLES DESTROYED IN J&K STATE AFTER DECEMBER 6, 1992

DISTRICT ANANTANAG
S.No Date Description of Temple FIR No. Police Station
1. 8.12.1992 One of Gauri Shankar temple  81/92 Pahalgam
2. 10.12.1992 Two Shiva temples 278/92 Anantanag
3. 8/9.12.1992  Shiva temple  45/92 Damhal, Hanjipura
4. 9.12.1992 Temple  45/92  Do
5. 9.12.1992  Temple  46/92  Do
6.  7/8.12.1992 Two Shiva temples  165/92 Kulgam
7. 7/8.12.1992  Shivala Temple  166/92 Kulgam
8. 8/9.12.1992  Temples  168/92 Kulgam
9. 8/9.12.1992 Shiva temples 169/92 Kulgam
10. 7/8.12.1992 Two temples 172/92  Kulgam
11. 7/8.12.1992  Shivalik temple 173/92  Kulgam
12. 7/8.12.1992  Shiva temple 42/92 Achabal
13. 7/8.12.1992  Shiva temple 43/92 Achabal
14. 7.12.1992 Temple 80/92 Dooru
15. 7.12.1992 Temple 81/92 Dooru
16. 7/8.12.1992 Temple 84/92 Dooru
17. 7/8.12.1992 Ganesh temple 91/92 Dooru
18. 7/8.12.1992 Ganesh temple  86/92  Dooru
19. 8.12.1992 Temple 93/92 Dooru
20. 13.12.1992 Temple 45/92 Achabal
21. 16.12.1992  Temple 46/92 Achabal
22. 8.12.1992 Temple 93/92 Dooru
23. 8.12.1992 Temple 171/92  Kulgam
24. 8/9.12.1992  Temple 178/92  Kulgam
25. 8.12.1992 Temple 40/92 Achabal
26. 7/8.12.1992  Temple 167/92 Kulgam
27. 8.12.1992 Temple  47/92 Hanjipora
28. 7/8.12.1992 Temple 163/92 Kulgam
DISTRICT BARAMULLA
1. 7/8.12.1992  Temple 185/92 Pattan
2. 7/8.12.1992 Temple 186/92 Pattan
3. 8.12.1992 Two temples 78/92 Panzulla
4. 8.12.1992 Temple 178/92 Sumbal
5. 7.12.1992  Temple 188/92 Oattar
6. 15.12.1992  Temple 71/92 Panzulla
DISTRICT SRINAGAR:
1. 18.12.1992  Temple Narayan Bagh  145/92  Ganderbal
2. 18.12.1992  Shamshan Bhoomi 84/92 Karan Nagar
3. 8.12.1992 Shiv Vaishno Mandir,Bana Mohalla  265/92 S.R. Gunj
DISTRICT BUDGAM
1. 7/8.12.1992  Temple 38/92 Chandpora
DISTRICT KUPWARA
1. 10.12.1992  Temple - Watipora


TEMPLES VANDALIZED IN KASHMIR AFTER DECEMBER 6, 1992
(SOURCE: LOCAL EYEWITNESSES OF CONCERNED PLACES)

S.No. NAME OF TEMPLE LOCATION DISTRICT REMARKS
    VILLAGE/TOWN    
1. Vamu Mandir Verinag  Anantanag Ancient idol publicly desecrated and then removed.
2. Temple on the spring. Verinag Anantanag Burnt
3. Vitesta Mandir Verinag Anantanag Burnt.
Temple as ancient as River Jhelum (Vitasta).
(Vetha Votur)
4. Buna Gund Mandir Verinag Anantanag Burnt.
5. Two dharamshalas and Manzgam Mandir Tehsil Anantanag This temple is also known as Khir Bhavani Mandir. Burnt after removing whole moveable property.
6. Uma Nagri Brariangan Anantanag Swami Syamananda?s report.
7. Kantiyani Mandir Kakran Anantanag Blasted and temple damaged.
8. Mirhama Mandir Mirhama / Kulgam Anantanag Burnt.
9. Two ancient shrines Hanand / Chowalgam Anantanag Burnt
10. Kulwagishori Mandir  Kulgam Anantanag Idols, pictures and scriptures, dharamshala removed and burnt.
11. Devsar Mandir Devsar/ Kulgam Anantanag Burnt.
12. Ancient temple of Tripursundri and Khannabarni Devsar / Kulgam Anantanag Burnt to ashes along with three dharamshalas and havan shed.
13. Luka Bhawan Larkipora Anantanag Three temples and dharamshala burnt and damaged in 1986 and subsequently repaired.
14. Botsar Mandir  and ashram Uttarsoo Anantanag As per the police control room written report, the temple, eight houses, two cowsheds, two kothars of minority community (which means Hindus) were set on fire.
15. Pahalgam temple  Pahalgam Anantanag The tin-shed of Pahalgam temple gutted partially. Fire was controlled by fire temders as per police control room report.
16. Shiva Mandir Sheer Gunj Anantanag As per the police control room written report: A temple, six residential houses, four cowsheds, two kothars of minority community were set on fire on 8.12.1992.
17. Ashmuji Mandir Kulgam Anantanag Burnt along with dharamshala.
18. One temple Chatargul Anantanag As per police control room, one temple at Chatargul, Achbal was set on fire.
19. One temple Hard Chanan Rafiabad Written report of police control Baramulla room confirms that militants attempted to set on fire Hardchanan temple on 11-12/12/92 and it was partially damaged.
20. One temple Palhalan Baramulla During the night of 9/10 December 1992,
militants set on fire a place of worship at village
Palhalan (Pattan), reveals a written report of police control room.
21. One temple Karihama Baramulla Burnt.
22. One temple Kreri Baramulla Burnt.
23. Shiva Mandir Baramulla Baramulla Burnt. This is also located on River Jhelum. 
(It is not
Shailputri temple which was damaged in 1990.)
24. Nandkishwar Sumbal Bhirav Nath Mandir "" "" Written report of police control room reveals that it was set on fire on 8.12.1992 but saved.
25. One temple Nowgam Budgam Burnt.
26. One temple Bana Srinagar The temple is on the bank of River Jhelum. Mohalla Jhelum Burnt by applying fire to verandah of a house.
27. One temple and shed at cremation site Karan Nagar Srinagar According to police control room, temple and a shed gutted; cause of fire was mischievousness.
28. Magarmal Bagh Mandir Srinagar Srinagar Burnt. It is in the vicinity of police lines, Srinagar.
29. Kunzer Mandir Kunzer  Baramulla Burnt.
30. Karihama Mandir  Karihama Budgam Burnt
31. Karfali Mohalla Mandir  Habbakadal Srinagar Damaged.
32. One temple  Areh /Kulgam Anantanag Burnt.
33. Bata Gund Mandir Handwara Kupwara Burnt.
34. Chogal Mandir Handwara Kupwara Burnt.
35. Chak Narayan  Tangmarg Baramulla Burnt.
36. Narayan Bag Mandir Shadipora Baramulla Police control room confirms fire by throwing grenades on the temple and pathshala.
37. Bhairavnath Mandir  Karan Nagar / Nursing Garh Srinagar Burnt by mobs in broad daylight.
38. Sri Sanatan Dharam Sabha and Amira Kadal Srinagar Srinagar As per Radio Kashmir, Srinagar, Kashmir Times, Daily Excelsior and eyewitnesses? messages, the building was set on fire.
Incidentally the eyewitnesses? evidences corroborate the state police reports in many cases.
(This is extracted from Kashmir Documentation: Pandits in Exile. This is not a complete list. More details will be carried in due course.)




Previous Page Previous Page (13/23) - Next Page (15/23) Next Page


copyright© 2004 Bharat Prakashan(Delhi) Ltd. All Rights Reserved
Designed and Hosted by KSHEERAJA Web Solutions Pvt Ltd