Pakistan's Supreme Court ordered the release from prison on Tuesday (Feb 2) of a British-born militant who had been convicted in the kidnapping and murder of US journalist Daniel Pearl by Al-Qaeda and Pakistani Islamist militants in 2002.
In a decision that is expected to draw criticism from the United States, the court recommended that Ahmad Omar Saeed Sheikh be transferred to a government safe house as a stepping stone to his full release after spending 18 years on death row.
"He should be moved to a comfortable residential environment, something like a rest house where he can live a normal life," said Justice Omar Ata Bandyal.
Mr Bandyal headed a panel of three judges that reviewed the case, following a petition from the government after the court upheld last Thursday a lower court’s decision to acquit Sheikh and three accomplices of all charges except abduction.
The court said Sheikh should be kept at a secure location under a "supervision and some surveillance," his lawyer Rauf Ahmad Sheikh told reporters.
US Secretary of State Antony Blinken "reinforced" Washington’s concern over the case in a telephone call on Friday with Pakistan’s Foreign Minister Shah Mahmood Qureshi.
Sheikh’s family had also petitioned for the Supreme Court to reverse the acquittal so that "Sheikh and co-conspirators are brought to justice for the kidnapping and murder of Daniel Pearl," Mr Faisal Siddiqi, a lawyer for the family, said.
On assignment for the Wall Street Journal in the months after Al-Qaeda 9/11 attacks on the United States, Pearl was kidnapped in Karachi and later beheaded.
Al-Qaeda's number three leader Khalid Sheikh Mohammed confessed to killing Pearl, and Sheikh, a former student at the London School of Economics, had played a key role in luring the journalist into a trap.
Captured in Pakistan in 2003, Mohammed is being held at the US detention centre at Guantanamo Bay, on the island of Cuba, where he is an awaiting trial on multiple counts, and could face the death penalty.
Sheikh’s fortunes changed last year when a high court decided only the kidnapping conviction should stand, commuting his death sentence to seven years in jail, which he had already served.
Sheikh’s father, Mr Ahmad Saeed Sheikh, attended Tuesday’s hearing.
"It is not complete freedom. It is a step toward freedom," he told the media.
The judge said family members should be allowed to visit Sheikh once he was moved from prison.
The terms of Sheikh’s release will become clearer once a written order is made public.
"Even if court orders for release, the government has prepared other cases to charge him under a terrorism act and for treason," said Dr Hassan Abbas, a Washington based international security professor. "The bigger challenge for Islamabad will be pressure from the US".