"A journey of thousand miles begins with a single step” is a famous Chinese proverb. And China has practiced it religiously; it has doubled its territory in less than 50 years by the incursion of neighbouring countries.
China is causing trouble for all its neighbours each passing day. India is facing the heat at Ladakh and Arunachal Pradesh. Nepal is being squeezed and bumped with economic might. South China Sea is the cause of trouble for Japan, Korea and Vietnam with other Pacific rim counties. Pakistan has already gifted Gilgit & Baltistan to China which belongs to India and is on the doles of China. The other neighbours Russia, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Kirgizstan, Magnolia, and Afghanistan, are also on Chinese radar for border expansion through incursions. China is equipped not only with biological weaponry like COVID-19 viruses, but the bigger worry is its autocratic regime. Absolute power with no democracy is deadlier than anything under the Sun that this very world has seen with Hitler not too long ago. It’s time to tame the dragon before it blows the world with its never-ending quest of supremacy and expansion spree. President Xi Jinping is new Hitler, will remain at the helm of affairs until death.
Post-world war II, entire world aligned into NATO and Warsaw treaties. The US and its friendly nations and mighty USSR and its allies. The Cold War has created so many never-ending crises in the world, but at the same time, it has opened new horizons of technology. The Cold war was fought on many levels, e.g. weaponry, artillery, space science and of course, the most important thing that has changed our lives permanently—The internet. The cold war was a covert operation between the CIA and KGB. The might of USSR was such that espionage became difficult and to enter its territory, so came the invention of the internet inside the Pentagon—The US defence strategy base. But the traces of the cold war are still alive in Afghanistan, West Asia, Vietnam etc.
This cold war ended with the complete disintegration of the USSR. How did the USA and its allies achieve this? Remember OPEC? (Organisation of Petroleum Exporting Countries) This was the first weapon deployed by the USA to harm the USSR. This was done by encouraging Saudi Arabia to increase its exploration capacities manifold.
The second weapon that the USA deployed was that of sub-nationalism or ethnic nationalism that existed among satellite states of USSR. These states were Kazakhstan, Azerbaijan, Armenia, Chechnya, Ukraine, Belarus, and nine more. USA encouraged the rise of ethnic nationalism in these USSR states and encouraged their people to become independent. This was done through GLASNOST and PERESTROIKA. The strategy worked.
The USA is a federation of 50 states, but it’s not easy to separate them because they have a common language, culture, ethnicity (almost all are immigrants from Europe, Asia, Africa etc.) so no ethnic element which can bring them or break them out. Countries like India are less prone to fall to it despite efforts from China in north-East and Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh UTs. India shares the same ethnicity into thousands of years back to history. Cultural nationalism has brought the country together even after centuries of oppression by invaders, philosophies, religious aggression.
A look at China
China was a relatively small country of 4.5 million Km2 till 1911, which is called Mainland China and today stands at 9.597 million Km2. Rest of the area is the result of incursion and invasion of the neighbouring countries, Manchuria in the north-east, Inner Mongolia or South Mongolia in the North, Tibet in South, East Turkistan in the West and Yunnan in far South-East. The mode of invasion was agrarian incursion those days. Millions of farmers [Of Chinese Han tribe] were forcibly settled into Manchuria and South Mongolia to increase the Mandarin-speaking people in those countries in the first decade of the nineteenth century. Today the native Mongol or Manchurian’s are a minority. Mainland China is only 50 % of the total area in Chinese control as on date.
The Qing dynasty of Manchuria ruled mainland China for over three centuries (1644-1912) before China took control over it in 1912 and still in control of it. Manchuria has deferent language, culture and ethnicity.
People of East Turkestan (now Xinjiang) are ethnically connected to Turkey and Kazakh people. China took over its territory in 1882. The Uyghur Muslims are fighting today for their independence from Chinese autocracy. Uyghur ethnic Muslims are the talk of a moment in terms of the human right issue.
South Mongolia or Inner Mongolia was an integral part of The Mighty Mongol Khanate of Chengiz Khan. He and his successors ruled all over mainland China for centuries. After the fall of the Khanate, China took it over in the year 1911. The ethnicity and cultural attachment & belongingness of people of Inner Mongolia are with Mongolia not with China.
Tibet (Known as TRIVISHTAP in ancient Vaidik scriptures) was once part of Indian Kingdoms. Tibet was centre of Bodh practitioners of the Indian subcontinent since thousands of years and shared cultural and emotional bonding along with ethnicity. China invaded it in 1951. Tibet government in exile has its capital at Dharamshala in Himachal Pradesh, and His Holiness Dalai Lama took refuge in India.
Yunnan is down south of present-day China is invaded in the year 1274. It still has more than 25 ethnic languages spoken, and they relate to Burmese culture.
These are the area wise details of the five major countries currently under Chinese occupation except Hongkong, Macau &Taipei:-
1) East-Turkestan/Xinjiang 1.664 million Km2
2) Tibet/Xizang 1.228 million Km2
3) Manchuria 1.192 million Km2
4) South Mongolia/Inner Mongolia 1.183 Million Km2
5) Yunnan .4 million Km2
Mainland China is only about 50% of the total area governed by the PRC.
Students for a Free Tibet Protesters marched to
Lafayette Park from the Chinese Embassy in Washington DC
Course of Action
Looking into the present-day aggression of China in Eurasia and far east, its time for the rest of the world community to act in tandem to Tame this dragon before it becomes more monstrous and formidable. China’s biggest weakness is its autocracy. People being deprived of their fundamental rights like freedom of speech, right to pray and practice their faith, right to protest against the government etc. list is long. The Tina man square student agitation and massacre of thousands of students is evidence of this autocratic and ruthless regime. People are fed-up with the curbs on their basic rights. Its time the ethnic nationalism movement to usher in to end this over 100 years long oppression of more than 1.5 billion people.
China’s people’s army is fighting on both internal and external fronts. The Uyghur Muslim unrest in Xingjian (Former East Turkistan) can easily escalate with the help of Turkey, Saudi Arab and other Islamic countries. East Turkistan being a former part of the Turkish Ottoman empire under Ertugrul and subsequent Islamic regimes can be disintegrating with collective efforts of these countries with the help of Russia and the USA.
The Tibetan Government in exile operates from India; the world needs to recognise it. US President Trump has recently passed a resolution regarding the status of Tibet. India can play its role with the religious connect with Buddha and Kailash Man Sarovar. The freedom of Tibet has seen many violent protests and incidents of self-immolation by Tibetan youth for Freedom from China, India needs to work upon it, as the present-day leadership has the guts and peoples mandate to do it and settle the border issues with China for all.
Japan ruled Manchuria briefly in the early twentieth century. Manchuria has separate culture, language and ethnicity from Chinese mandarin. Manchuria can ask for freedom from Chinese occupation with the help of Japan and Korea. It will be strategically strong positioning for the rest of the world as a huge cost line comes under Manchuria.
Inner Mongolia or South Mongolia, the names themselves are s reason for them to be with Mongolia. Russia and Japan can play a significant role with the help of Mongolia to move out from the People’s Republic of China.
The world is witnessing the growing cultural and ethnic nationalism from all parts. People are rejecting the Leftist theory of Communism. World’s biggest democracies have elected pro-nationalist leaders. Narendra Modi in India, Putin in Russia, Trump in the USA, Shinzo Abe in Japan, Boris Johnson in England, Netanyahu in Israel have won the elections on the issues of nationalism and preserving ethnic values. These world leaders can sync in collective energies and expertise to come along and break China into six parts to make this planet happy and liveable again.
(The writer is a research scholar)